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Are You at Risk?

Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes can be prevented or delayed with proven changes in lifestyle. Therefore, it is important to know if you are at risk for either. If you are overweight, 45 years or older, and don’t participate in physical activity more than several times a week, you could be at risk. Other general risk factors include family history of Type 2 diabetes, as well as ethnicity and race. You can reverse prediabetes or Type 2 Diabetes by losing weight, eating healthy, exercising, or enrolling in a diabetes prevention program, so know the risk factors and pay attention to signs.
96 Million US adults have
prediabetes, and more than
8 in 10 of them
don't know they have it.
Take the Prediabetes Risk Test

Factors that may increase your risk of type 2 diabetes include:

Prediabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar levels is higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. Left untreated, prediabetes often progresses to type 2 diabetes.

Being overweight or obese is a main risk.

Fat Distribution
Storing fat mainly in your abdomen - rather than your hips and thighs - indicates a greater risk. Your risk of type 2 diabetes rises if you’re a man with a waist circumference above 40 inches (101.6 cm) or a woman with a measurement above 35 inches.

The less active you are, the greater your risk. Physical activity helps control your weight, uses up glucose as energy and makes your cells more sensitive to insulin.

Family History
The risk of type 2 diabetes increases if your parent or sibling has type 2 diabetes.

Race and Ethnicity
Although it's unclear why, people of certain races and ethnicities - including Black, Hispanic, Native American and Asian people, and Pacific Islanders - are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than white people are.

Blood Lipid Levels
An increased risk is associated with low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol - the "good" cholesterol - and high levels of triglycerides.

The risk of type 2 diabetes increases as you get older, especially after age 45.

Pregnancy-related risks
Your risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases if you developed gestational diabetes when you were pregnant or if you gave birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds (4 kg).

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Having polycystic ovary syndrome - a common condition characterized by irregular menstrual periods, excess hair growth and obesity - increases the risk of diabetes.

Insulin Resistance
A resistance to the hormone insulin, resulting in increased blood sugar levels.

Acanthosis Nigricans
Results in areas of darkened skin in the arm pits and neck. This condition may indicate insulin resistance.

Working Together To Prevent
Diabetes in Eastern North Carolina